Energy & Salmon

PNWA strives for a vibrant regional economy and a healthy environment. In doing so, we support maintaining the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) and a fully functioning navigation system on the Columbia and Snake Rivers. We also work in support of ecosystem restoration and the development of alternative fuel sources. PNWA staff chaired the Lower Columbia River Estuary Program’s management plan and successfully lobbied Congress for funds for ecosystem restoration projects.


In the midst of record returns for many of the Northwest’s salmon runs, NOAA Fisheries has released the finalized 2014 Supplemental FCRPS BiOp.

In August 2011, the 2008/2010 Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Biological Opinion (BiOp) was remanded.  NOAA Fisheries was directed to produce a new or supplemental BiOp for the period from 2014 to 2018, while simultaneously implementing the existing BiOp through 2013, including the Fish Accords with Northwest sovereign tribes.

The remand period of 2011 to 2013 provided an opportunity for NOAA Fisheries and the various Accord parties to further develop and implement their proposed habitat mitigation measures, and time to study whether these habitat improvement measures are likely to produce the predicted benefits.

PNWA manages the Inland Ports and Navigation Group (IPNG), a subset of PNWA’s membership. IPNG has been an intervenor in the BiOp lawsuit, supporting the work of the federal agencies.  The 2014 BiOp is the product of the best available science, as well as significant collaboration between the federal agencies, four states and sovereign Northwest tribes.  The dramatic increase in fish returns over the last ten years demonstrates the success of regional investments in fish passage, habitat, and other river improvements.

Northwest ports and navigation interests have always strongly supported robust salmon recovery efforts that preserve the multiple uses of the river system.  The updated FCRPS BiOp meets the requirements of the 2011 court remand, while continuing to deliver the authorized purposes of the dams.

For more information, view our BiOp Lawsuit fact sheet and other supporting documents below.


Biological Opinion (BiOp) Lawsuit
PNWA BiOp scoping meeting handout
PNWA comments on Draft Supplemental Biological Opinion
PNWA comments on Draft 2014-2018 BiOp Implementation Plan
PNWA comments on FCRPS draft comprehensive evaluation
Oregonian Editorial: Northwest should find hope, encouragement, in a stronger decade of Columbia fish returns
PNWA responds to the Administrations validation of the salmon BiOp


Hydropower is a clean, truly renewable and reliable energy source that serves national environmental and energy policy objectives. Low cost hydropower accounts for 80 percent of the nation’s total renewable electricity generation, and provides 70% of the Northwest’s electricity, making it the nation’s leading renewable energy source. Hydropower is the most efficient form of power production to meet peak demands, to keep our homes warm and our industries operating during the most extreme weather conditions.

Hydropower Fact Sheet
Benefits of Snake River Dams
BPA Fact Sheet on the Snake River Dams
U.S Army Corps of Engineers methane and dams fact sheet
NOAA Fisheries Report on Southern Residents